Turkey

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Flag of Turkey

Capital: Ankara
Area: 783,562 sq km
Comparative area: slightly larger than Texas
Population (July 2011 estimate): 78,785,548
Official language: Turkish
International Organizations and Agreements: NATO, European Union, Council of Europe, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), World Trade Organization (WTO)


The present close relationship between the U.S. and Turkey began with the agreement of July 12, 1947, which implemented the Truman Doctrine. As part of the cooperative effort to further Turkish economic and military self-reliance, the United States has loaned and granted Turkey more than $12.5 billion in economic aid and more than $14 billion in military assistance.

U.S.-Turkish relations focus on areas such as strategic energy cooperation, trade and investment, security ties, regional stability, counterterrorism, and human rights progress.

Turkey's primary political, economic, and security ties are with the West, but has also sought to strengthen relations with its Middle Eastern neighbors and Central Asian, African, and Latin American countries.

Turkey entered NATO in 1952 and serves as the organization's vital eastern anchor, as it controls the straits leading from the Black Sea to the Aegean. NATO's Air Component Command Headquarters is located in Izmir and NATO's Rapid Deployable Corps-Turkey is headquartered in Istanbul. Turkey has made important contributions to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan.

Additionally, there are approximately 1,800 U.S. military personnel (uniformed and civilian) assigned to the embassy and Incirlik Air Base. The air base and Habur Gate are essential projection platforms for U.S. personnel and equipment transiting to and from US CENTCOM operations. Turkey routinely participates in exercises Sea Breeze, Anatolian Flacon, Combined Endeavor, Trojan Footprint, and others.

Fact Sheet: U.S.-Turkey Economic Partnership

For more information please visit the US Embassy Turkey website:

Related Topics

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International Cooperation

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Exercise Combined Endeavor

NATO flag

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

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Military-to-Military Engagement Program

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U.S. Air Forces in Europe

Media Releases RSS

Blog Posts

May 3, 20133AF 9th Annual International Conference on Missile Defense I would like to give you a quick overview of the status of the United States European Phased Adaptive Approach to missile defense, or for short the E-P-A-A. I will touch on the extensive missile defense cooperation within NATO. I will say a few words about our efforts to cooperate with the Russian Federation on missile defense. Then I’ll close with a few remarks on the cooperation going on right here in Romania.
The technical centre of the NATO Computer Incident Response Capability (NCIRC) is the nerve centre of the Alliance's fight against cyber crime. April 10, 2013Looking Ahead, Building Bridges…Three Big IssuesAs I look at NATO and U.S. European Command in 2013, I see three big agenda items. First, we have to get Afghanistan right as we shift our mission from combat, to train, advise and assist. We've laid the right tracks for the change in early 2015. At the moment, we are working with all 28 NATO nations and with a number of potential partners to define the new mission post-2014.
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Articles

U.S. Air Force Tech. Sgt. Anthony Thomas, 52nd Operations Support Squadron aircrew flight equipment training instructor, shares information about the care and readiness of aircrew flight equipment June 27, 2013, during the Vienna Document 11 visit held at Spangdahlem Air Base. The Vienna Document is a politically binding agreement between approximately 57 nations that provides insight to the safety and security capabilities of combat bases. June 28, 2013Spangdahlem strengthens bond with 34 nations during Vienna Document visit Our goal is to make each nation here better because together we are stronger," Sharpy said. "The goal of this visit has been to show our visitors everything it takes to complete the mission and that really involves our Airmen; they are what make the mission possible."
March 7, 2013Proud Manta Ends with Successful TeamworkExercise Proud Manta 2013 (POMA 13), NATO’s largest anti-submarine warfare exercise, concluded in the Ionian Sea, Mar. 6.
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Videos

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Documents

May 17, 2013Fact Sheet: U.S.-Turkey Economic PartnershipIn April 2009, President Obama and Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan agreed to elevate U.S.-Turkish bilateral economic relations to a strategic level commensurate with our historically close political-military ties. In the last four years, U.S.-Turkish commercial relations have touched new highs; bilateral trade reached record levels of nearly $20 billion in 2011, with U.S. FDI in Turkey of over $5 billion and Turkish FDI in the United States of nearly $1 billion.
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May 17, 2013US-Turkey PartnershipThe United States and Turkey share a strong partnership and friendship, rooted in common values and strategic interests, and reinforced by the enduring links between the people of both countries.
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