Romania

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Flag of Romania

Capital: Bucharest
Area: 238,391 sq km|
Comparative area: slightly smaller than Oregon
Population (July 2011 estimate): 21,904,551
Official language: Romanian
State Partner: Alabama
International Organizations and Agreements: United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), NATO, European Union, World Trade Organization (WTO), NATO’s Partnership for Peace, Southeastern Europe Defense Ministerial

Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States, Romania has been fully supportive of the U.S. in counterterrorism efforts. Romanian troops have served alongside U.S. troops in both Iraq and Afghanistan. Additionally, Romania has agreed to host elements of the U.S. Phased Adaptive Approach to European missile defense within the 2015 timeframe.

In accordance with the December 1991 Romanian constitution, the Romanian armed forces have the defensive mission of ensuring the territorial integrity of the country. In 1993, the U.S. military began training of Romanian military and civilian officials through International Military Education and Training (IMET) and other exchange programs, emphasizing civilian democratic control over the military.

Romania was a helpful partner to the allied forces during the first Gulf War and has been active in peace support operations in Afghanistan, the UN Angola Verification Mission, the Implementation Force/Stabilization Force in Bosnia, the Kosovo Force (KFOR) and EU Rule of Law Mission (EULEX) in Kosovo, and in Albania. Romania also offered important logistical support to allied military operations in Iraq in 2003 and, after the cessation of organized hostilities, has participated in coalition security and reconstruction activities.

Romania has been actively involved in regional organizations, such as the Southeast Europe Cooperation Initiative (SECI) and the Stability Pact for Southeast Europe, and has been a positive force in supporting stability and cooperation in the area.

The Romanian military routinely partners with U.S. Air Forces in Europe, Marine Forces Europe and Special Operations Command Europe in multiple venues including Black Sea Rotational Force; flight training; and exercises Jackal Stone, Saber Dawn, and Combined Endeavor.

Related Topics

A Hungarian Special Forces Medic, right, directs the evacuation of a simulated casualty to safety to his Romanian SOF medic counterpart during the Field Training Exercise as part of the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) course held in Udbina, Croatia. 
U.S. Special Operations Command Europe (SOCEUR) developed and conducted the TCCC Train-the-Trainer course to enhance the SOF capability and interoperability of SOF medics from eight NATO and partner nations, but most importantly, to incorporate one recognized standard for managing trauma on the battlefield. (U.S. Army photo by Master Sgt. Donald Sparks, SOCEUR Public Affairs Officer  â? photo approved for public release by Master Sgt. Donald Sparks, SOCEUR PAO).

Ready Forces

VAZIANI TRAINING AREA, Republic of Georgia-In front of a color detail with the national colors of America and the Republic of Georgia and the unit colors of the U.S. Marine Corps and Georgian military, Maj. Eric J. Andersen, executive officer Black Sea Rotational Force 11 and Kent, Wash., native,  â?forms the troops for the opening ceremony of Exercise Agile Spirit 2011, marking the official start of what is scheduled to be an annual training event with the partner nation. Marines with Alpha Company of Anti-Terrorism Battalion, and 4th Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion deployed to Georgia for their annual training to supplement the Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force deployment of BSRF-11, to conduct counterinsurgency and peacekeeping operations training at Vaziani Training Area. , Cpl. Tatum Vayavananda

International Cooperation

CAIRO, EGYPT (March 15, 2011) -- Egyptian families emerge from an Air Force C-130J after their flight from Djerba Zarzis Airport in Tunisia. These Egyptian citizens are among tens of thousands who have fled conflict in Libya to Tunisia, where a humanitarian
crisis is unfolding. This C-130J, flown by the 37th Airlift Squadron from Ramstein Air Base, Germany, is part of a contingent of aircraft from the 37th AS and the 26th U.S. Marine Expeditionary Unit that are transporting the evacuees home. The airlift is part of a broader U.S. government effort led by the Department of State to assist with the crisis. (U.S. Army photo by Staff Sgt. Brendan Stephens/Released)

Helping People

Norwegian special operations forces clear the deck of ROS Midia (LSNS 283) as a part of Exercise Jackal Stone 2011, on Sept. 14, 2011, in Romania. Jackal Stone is an annual multinational special operations exercise designed to promote cooperation and interoperability between participating forces, build functional capacity and enhance readiness. This year nine nations are participating in various locations in Bulgaria, Romania and Ukraine.

Exercise Jackal Stone

Grafenwoehr Germany - First Lt. Alexander Silivestru, Moldovan army, tracks statistics of a morning mission during Combined Endeavor 11 in Grafenwoehr, Germany, Sept. 18, 2011. Combined Endeavor is the largest theater security cooperation communications exercise in the world, combining 40 different countries from NATO, Partnership for Peace, and strategic partners. 
 (Photo by US Army Staff Sgt. Shawnon Lott / Released)

Exercise Combined Endeavor

NATO flag

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Capt. Barbara Bujak, physical therapist at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, speaks in her native tongue, Polish, with members of Multinational Battle Group East's Polish Contingent and European Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo. Bujak, who was born in Poland, moved to the U.S. at age 11 and joined the U.S. Army five years ago. Bujak's temporary assignment at Camp Bondsteel allowed her to experience a familiar ceremony in a new location.

Military-to-Military Engagement Program

SPP Soldiers

National Guard State Partnership Program

Media Releases RSS

Blog Posts

A CV-22B Osprey receives fuel June 21, 2013, off the coast of Greenland by a 7th Special Operations Squadron MC-130H Combat Talon II.July 2, 2013Special Forces - Empowering our Lines with Allies and PartnersSOCEUR continues to focus on expanding theater-wide SOF capabilities in a manner that "thickens our lines” by training, developing, and enabling European SOF Allies and partners to deploy to Afghanistan as part of Combined Special Operations Task Force 10 (CSOTF-10), which serves under the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force.
May 3, 20133AF 9th Annual International Conference on Missile Defense I would like to give you a quick overview of the status of the United States European Phased Adaptive Approach to missile defense, or for short the E-P-A-A. I will touch on the extensive missile defense cooperation within NATO. I will say a few words about our efforts to cooperate with the Russian Federation on missile defense. Then I’ll close with a few remarks on the cooperation going on right here in Romania.
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Articles

March 20, 2014Statement from Central European Chiefs of Defense ConferenceChiefs of defense from Central and Eastern reinforced the importance of NATO and their alliance and partnerships emphasizing proven partnerships built on shared values, experiences and vision.
U.S. and Romanian officials break ground on the Aegis Ashore Missile Defense Complex during a formal ceremony Monday at Deveselu Air Base, Romania. Pictured, from left, are: Vice Adm. James Syring, the Missile Defense Agency director; Romanian President Traian B"sescu; U.S. Undersecretary of Defense for Policy James Miller; and Romanian Defense Minister Mircea Dusa.October 28, 2013US, Romania begin work on Aegis Ashore missile defense complexTop U.S., Romanian and NATO officials broke ground Monday on a new ballistic missile defense facility being built to boost regional stability and strengthen the alliance's collective security stance.
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Videos

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Documents

February 9, 2014USEUCOM State Partnership ProgramThe United States European Command State Partnership Program (EUCOM SPP) is a National Guard program that links U.S. States with partner countries in the European Theater for the purpose of supporting the security cooperation objectives of United States European Command (EUCOM). 65 Partnerships exist worldwide and 22 Partnerships exist with former Soviet, Yugoslav and Warsaw Pact countries in the EUCOM Area of Responsibility. The program is a component of the larger (global) State Partnership Program, which oversees the program of each of the six geographic Combatant Commands.
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