Italy

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Flag of Italy

Capital: Rome
Area: 301,340 sq km
Comparative area: slightly larger than Arizona
Population (July 2011 estimate): 61,016,804
Official language: Italian
International Organizations and Agreements: European Union, United Nations, NATO, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization (GATT/WTO), Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Council of Europe

The United States enjoys warm and friendly relations with Italy. Italy is a leading partner in counterterrorism efforts. The two are NATO allies and cooperate in the United Nations, in various regional organizations, and bilaterally for peace, prosperity, and security as well as combating drug trafficking, trafficking in women and children, and terrorism.

Italy firmly supports the United Nations and its international security activities. Italy led the UN mission in Lebanon (UNIFIL) and has actively participated in and deployed troops in support of UN peacekeeping missions in Somalia, Mozambique, and Timor-Leste. It has provided critical support for NATO and EU operations in Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kosovo, Albania, Georgia, and Chad. The Italian Government seeks to obtain consensus with other European countries on various defense and security issues within the EU as well as NATO. European integration and the development of common defense and security policies will continue to be of primary interest to Italy.

Under longstanding bilateral agreements flowing from NATO membership, Italy hosts important U.S. military forces at Vicenza and Livorno (Army); Aviano (Air Force); and Sigonella, Gaeta, and Naples -- home port for the U.S. Navy Sixth Fleet. The United States has about 11,500 military personnel stationed in Italy. Italy hosts the NATO Defense College in Rome. There is a Status of Forces Agreement in place as well as a plethora of other supporting agreements including Acquisition and Cross-Servicing, logistics, and training.

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A Hungarian Special Forces Medic, right, directs the evacuation of a simulated casualty to safety to his Romanian SOF medic counterpart during the Field Training Exercise as part of the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) course held in Udbina, Croatia. 
U.S. Special Operations Command Europe (SOCEUR) developed and conducted the TCCC Train-the-Trainer course to enhance the SOF capability and interoperability of SOF medics from eight NATO and partner nations, but most importantly, to incorporate one recognized standard for managing trauma on the battlefield. (U.S. Army photo by Master Sgt. Donald Sparks, SOCEUR Public Affairs Officer  â? photo approved for public release by Master Sgt. Donald Sparks, SOCEUR PAO).

Ready Forces

VAZIANI TRAINING AREA, Republic of Georgia-In front of a color detail with the national colors of America and the Republic of Georgia and the unit colors of the U.S. Marine Corps and Georgian military, Maj. Eric J. Andersen, executive officer Black Sea Rotational Force 11 and Kent, Wash., native,  â?forms the troops for the opening ceremony of Exercise Agile Spirit 2011, marking the official start of what is scheduled to be an annual training event with the partner nation. Marines with Alpha Company of Anti-Terrorism Battalion, and 4th Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion deployed to Georgia for their annual training to supplement the Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force deployment of BSRF-11, to conduct counterinsurgency and peacekeeping operations training at Vaziani Training Area. , Cpl. Tatum Vayavananda

International Cooperation

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NATO School

SOLNOK, Hungary — During the Ohio National Guard's Operational Mentor and Liaison Team (OMLT) homecoming ceremony here Aug. 15, Maj. Gen. Gregory L. Wayt, Ohio's adjutant general, presented Capt. Robert H. Paley with an award for his hard work and dedication. The team spent the last year working together with Hungarian soldiers training the Afghan National Army forces. (Department of Defense photo by 1st Lt. Nicole Ashcroft)

U.S. Army, Europe

AUGUSTA BAY, Sicily (March 16, 2011) - USS Mount Whitney (LCC/JCC 20), the U.S. Sixth Fleet flag ship homeported out of Gaeta, Italy, and USS Ponce (LPD 15), an amphibious transport dock ship homeported out of Norfolk, Va., take on supplies while inport Augusta Bay, Sicily. Both ships are operating in the Mediterranean Sea as part of a scheduled deployment in the U.S. Sixth Fleet area of responsibility.  (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Gary Keen/Released)

U.S. Naval Forces Europe

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Members of the Polish Armed forces render a salute during an Aviation Detachment (AV DET) activation ceremony on the flightline of Lask Air Base, Poland, Nov. 9, 2012. The AV DET will be an enduring presence with 10 Airmen, but F-16 and C-130 crews and aircraft will rotate periodically for training, where the total number of personnel could surge up to 250. The AV DET supports Poland's continued defense modernization and standardization with the U.S. and North Atlantic Treaty Organization. July 26, 2013Aviation Detachment Deployment to Poland Shows U.S. Commitment to EuropeRecently I have read of concern in Poland of decreasing U.S. engagement due to the U.S. “rebalance” to Asia, thereby losing interest in Poland and Europe as strategic partners. Nothing could be further from the truth!
July 25, 2011Libya UpdateNATO is conducting operations over Libya to support UN resolutions 1970 and 1973, which call for establishing an arms embargo, instituting a "no-fly" zone, and protecting the civilian population of Libya. These missions are going reasonably well, particularly the no-fly zone and arms embargo which are both clear mission successes.
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Articles

Brigadier Gen. Bruce Crawford meets with members of the Baltic and Ukrainian delegations March 27, 2014, to discuss cyber defense topics at the Combined Endeavor Main Planning Conference in Sofia, Bulgaria. General Crawford and attending delegates discussed how the investment in Combined Endeavor over the past 20 years could add value back to today’s operations as we continue to plan for tomorrow’s challenges. April 2, 2014Assuring our allies through investment in Europe's regional cyber, C4 interoperability Twenty-nine nations and three international organizations participated in the Combined Endeavor Main Planning Conference. The conference deliverables assisted in designing a mission network that utilized an interoperable “bring your own devices model” and ensured the international coalition audience was able to participate. Ultimately, the mission network contributed toward constructing an exercise operational scenario across land, air and cyberspace domains.
MEDITERRANEAN SEA (Aug 13, 2013) – Boatswain’s Mate 2nd Class Jared Baldwin signals to an Israeli Eurocopter AS565 MA Panther during a simulated vertical replenishment aboard the guided missile destroyer USS Gravely (DDG 107). Gravely, homeported in Norfolk, Va., is on a scheduled deployment supporting maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the 6th Fleet area of responsibility. August 16, 2013U.S. Navy and Israel Kick Off Exercise Reliant MermaidNAPLES, Italy (NNS) -- The U.S. Navy will participate in Exercise Reliant Mermaid in the Mediterranean Sea, Aug. 12-15. Reliant Mermaid is a maritime search and rescue exercise designed to promote maritime safety and security in the region.
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